Aid and Democratization in post conflict country
The role of aid in fragile of failing or failed states, or in conflict and post-conflict environments, has become a significant area for practice and study. This has begun in 1990s but took on new urgency and new meaning after 2001. Aid is being used in the transition to peace and democracy. In addition, aid also can be used for the establishment or re-establishment of state institutions, macro-economic policy and mechanism, and the restoration of livelihood in longer term.
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Best Practice of Thailand’s Development Cooperation Project in Laos
The new phase of aid is shaped by increasing aid flows from non-traditional donors (non OECD DAC members); such as, Brazil, South Africa, India, Thailand, etc. These non traditional providers, while contribute to the strength of south-south cooperation through their various aid schemes, are questioned regarding their different aid process, in particular the effectiveness of aid. It is the fact south-south cooperation is often different from traditional aid schemes in terms of both objectives and approach, namely it is the combination of aid, trade, security, diplomacy, and economic development.
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Characterizing Triangular Cooperation in Southeast Asia: Comparing the Thai-GermanLao and Thai-GermanVietnamese Partnerships
New actors and cross-regional modalities have continued to enrich the understanding and practices of development cooperation. With the emergence of new providers within the global aid landscape there is a need to explore definitional and operational changes in the system with regards to how resources are utilized and diversified. This research project characterizes the hybrid model of development cooperation in the Greater Mekong Sub-region and investigate the roles of Thailand as an emerging donor and Germany as a resource provider under the Trilateral Cooperation Programme. The paper discusses how organizational strategies and comparative advantages of each partner contributed to the effectiveness of the Thai-GermanLao Trilateral Cooperation on Strengthening Lao National Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) in Lao PDR and the Thai-German-Vietnamese trilateral cooperation on Strengthening Cooperative Management in Western Highland and Central Region of Vietnam. The results suggest that the incentive mechanisms to steer the action of stakeholders under the TrC project in Lao PDR differ from that of Vietnam. The level of competitiveness witnessed in Lao PDR has been a reflection of the coercive nature of policy transfer as opposed to the voluntary knowledge assets transfer that underpin the innovation and performance improvement in Vietnamese case. While Lao Gap TrC highlights the implementation of learned/transferred knowledge to develop a set of skills, Vietnam SMEs Coop TrC emphasizes the adaptation and application of learned skills to facilitate and support others for effective execution. These results have significant implication in regards to the sustainability of the proposed development solutions. Lessons learned highlight the needs to address absorptive capacity of target beneficiaries, the importance of joint initiative, country ownership, participatory policymaking, harmonization processes, and result-based management in all stages of the cooperation.
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Institutional arrangement and aid effectiveness
CLMV is the region among others where the poverty problem has been explicitly existed. Following its aim of regional integration, ASEAN of which CLMV are members, has tried to achieve ASEAN Economic Community by 2015, and therefore, the development of these four countries is necessary in order to lessen the gap among members. For this aim, development assistance plays an essential role.
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Japanese Infrastructure Development in Thilawa / Myanmar
This research attempts to rethink the effectual framework of aid provision through a concrete case study of a Japanese ODA to a post-conflict state of Myanmar so as to contribute improvement of aid effectiveness under the Paris Declaration.
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Lesson Learned from JICA’s Experience of Triangular Cooperation with Thailand
As long as we learn from the public information, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is one of the development agencies that strongly promote south-south cooperation or triangular cooperation (JICA 2012, 2009, JICA Brazil office 2011). It proudly says that it is JICA that first formalized the structure of south-south cooperation in the world in 1974, by providing a training course for Laotian sericulturists in silkworm factory in Thailand (Yamamoto 2009). As an example to show JICA‟s strong support for them, JICA co-hosted “high-level conference on south-south cooperation and triangular cooperation” in Washington D.C. in the end of 2009, and proposed to establishment of platform or evaluation method (JICA 2009). JICA also won the UN South-South Cooperation Award in 2012 with its individual projects being appreciated. As a concrete framework to implement JICA‟s Triangular Cooperation with Thailand toward “less-developed” countries in Southeast Asia, JICA-ASEAN Regional Cooperation Meeting (JARCOM) was established in 2002. It was expected to provide a forum to discuss about the demand and the supply of the development projects among Southeast countries. It then reformed to Japan-Southeast Asian Meeting for South-South Cooperation (J-SEAM), whose objective is to form and well-manage the south-south technical assistance projects in Southeast Asia, although it was dissolved in 2011. It was dissolved because it became unnecessary thanks to individual state‟s capacity improvement. While JICA often appeals the positive aspects of its triangular cooperation, Professor Ishii, who has both practical and academic experience in international 2 development field, emphasizes more negative aspects of triangular cooperation by JICA in Southeast Asia (Ishii 2016). However, Ishii‟s report is written in Japanese. In addition, there are already several copies of reports written about JICA‟s triangular cooperation in Japanese by insiders and outsiders, practitioners and academics. Therefore, in this mini project under Network of International Development Cooperation (NIDC), I would like to review and summarize several related articles and reports on triangular project mostly written in Japanese, so as to provide the lesson learned from JICA‟s experience of triangular cooperation with Thailand toward other Southeast Asian countries.
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